Although ticks are commonly thought of as insects, they are actually arachnids like spiders and mites. They have 4 pairs of legs and no antennae. They lie in wait for a passing deer, pet, or person to walk near the shrub or grass they are perched on.
Spiders can be found throughout the country. If you have the occasional fly or gnat in the house, chances are you'll also have spiders in the house. Spiders live on bugs, but not enough to be considered for pest control.
Snails and slugs feed at night or early in the morning. Snails are the ones with the shells. If the leaves of your plants start to look like Swiss cheese, snails or slugs could be dining in your garden.
Japanese beetles are 3/8 of an inch long and metallic green with copper-brown wing covers. Their larvae, a white grub, are 3/4 inch in length. They emerge from the soil as early as late May and feed on plants throughout the summer.
Fire ants are a nuisance and a painful, dangerous pest in the southern U.S. Fire ants are small red or black ants, about 1/4 inch in length. They build large nests in the ground, which sometimes reach 1 to 2 feet in height.
Bed bugs are reddish brown, oval-shaped insects that are about 1/4 inch long. They are not easily found during the day. They hide during the day in mattresses, baseboards, furniture, ceilings and any little crack or crevice in your home.
Aphids, also called plant lice, are small (up to 1/4 inch) soft - bodied insects that infest most garden plants. Some aphids spend their entire lives on one type of plant; others infest different varieties.
Whiteflies are about 1/10 to 1/16 inch long and resemble tiny moths. Their wings are covered with a white powdery wax. Females can lay between 200-400 eggs. They are found on the undersides of plant leaves and are active during the day.
Spider mites are small (1/32 inch or less) and often difficult to see with the naked eye. Their colors range from red and brown to green and yellow. Most spider mites produce webbing, especially when they occur in high populations.
Scale can be white and cottony masses; brown, crusty bumps; thick, white, waxy bumps; or clusters of flattened yellow scaly masses. As they feed, leaves turn yellow and may drop. A shiny or sticky material may also cover the leaves and stems.
Sod webworms are the larvae of lawn moths. They live in the root level of your lawn and munch up the grass leaves. At root level, you'll see small white tubes made of silky web. At dusk, you might even see the worms themselves.
Adult chinch bugs are about one-fifth of an inch long and black with white wings folded over their backs. Chinch bugs feed on many kinds of lawn grasses, but St. Augustine grass and zoysia grass are favorites.
Carpenter ants are wood destroying insects that provide a significant service in nature, but are destructive in residential settings. Most adult carpenter ants are black or reddish black and 1/4 - 1/2 inch long.
Houseflies a medium-sized flies that are gray with 4 black stripes running down their mid-back. They feed on variety of things including human and animal food, carcasses, garbage, and excrement. They are also a major carrier of disease-causing pathogens.
Millipedes are related to centipedes. They are also called the thousand-legged worm. Each segment of their body has two pairs of legs whereas centipedes have 1 pair of legs per segment. They prefer to hideout in damp, dark places.
Scorpions are arachnids that are common in the Southern and Southwestern U.S. They have long slender bodies and a 5-segmented tail tipped with a stinger that can be arched over their back. They are active at night and hide during the day.
Black widows are found in the Southern and Western U.S. They will only bite when disturbed. Females are shiny black with the distinctive red hourglass. They are solitary spiders that prefer dark, secluded areas.
Brown recluse spiders are usually shy and non-aggressive. They have a violin-shaped mark their backs and are covered in fine hairs making them appear velvety. They prefer to live in dark, sheltered places and build webs near the ground.
Stink bug refers to several species of insect that excrete a pungent odor from scent glands when they feel threatened or are crushed. Adult stink bugs have a shield-shaped body that is brown, green, or grey in color.